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Tsum Valley

  • Trip Duration:13 Days
  • Trip Grading: Fairly challenging
  • Max Altitude: 3,900m (Mu Gompa)
  • Best Time: October-November & March-May

Trip Overview

The mystical and remote Tsum Valley is one of the hidden gems of Nepal. This high valley sits wedged between towering mountain ranges to the north and south. The people here are of Tibetan origin and devotees of a distinct brand of Buddhism.

The Tsum Valley Trek offers commanding views of the surrounding snow-capped mountains but the real highlight is its culture and Buddhist monuments with monasteries, chortens and mani walls dotting the landscape. Tsum is a Tibetan word meaning “vivid” and after a visit you will realise why. Fields of buckwheat, barley, mustard, winter wheat and potatoes add a colourful patchwork pattern to the countryside.

Most supplies to the valley are brought over a long distance, some coming from Tibet on yak caravans, a two day horse ride away. Other supplies come up the valley from the lower area of Gorkha, which is a five day walk with pack horses.

Highlights of the trek include the caves of Piren Phu where the great Buddhist Yogi Milarepa meditated. A footprint in the cave is said to belong to him and is highly venerated. The high altitude and extremely remote monastery at Mu Gompa is home to around 20 monks and sits in an extremely harsh environmentat an altitude of almost 4000m and should not be missed. A visit to Rachen Gompa where around 80 young and old nuns meditate, pray and study at the fascinating nunnery is a must.

The trek starts at Soti Khola and follows the Manaslu trek along the steep sided Budhi Gandaki river before deviating into the narrow steep valley of the Siyar Khola about 2 hours north of Philim. The trail continues on through Lokpa and Chumling to  Chhokang Paro where the valley opens into spacious fields and the trail is much flatter. Further on is Nile and Chhule and eventually Mu Gompa, the higest point of the trek. The return trek is via an alternate route on the south side of the river and a visit to Rachen Gompa before continuing back to Chumling and on to Soti Khola nad the end of the trek.

The Tsum Valley trek has only recently opened to foreign trekkers and therefore, only a handful of people have visited.  Until recently, camping was required but now teahouses or homestays are available for the whole route. Two permits are required, one for the Manaslu restricted area and another for the Tsum Valley. Trekkers must be in groups of two or more and be accompanied by a registered guide.

This is a fascinating trek and offers great opportunities to explore the untouched and unique culture of the valley and its people. You will not be disappointed.

The trek starts and finishes in Kathmandu. To keep cost as low as possible, we offer the flexibility for you to arrange your own accommodation in Kathmandu however we are happy to arrange this for you if you wish.

Detail Itinerary

Day 1: By road  from Kathmandu to Arughat (600m) 6 hrs
Day 2: Bus to Soti Khola (700m)  then trek to Machha Khola (930m) 7 hrs
Day 3:  Trek to Jagat (1440m) 6 hrs
Day 4: Trek to Lokpa (2240m) 6 hrs
Day 5: Trek to Chumling (2360m) 4 hrs
Day 6: Trek to Chhokang Paro (3010m) 5 hrs
Day 7: Trek to Nile (3360m) 4 hrs
Day 8: Trek to Mu Gompa (3900m) and return to Nile 5 hrs
Day 9: Trek to Chhokang Paro (3010m) 5 hrs
Day 10: Trek to Lokpa (2240m) 7 hrs
Day 11: Trek to Dovan (1070m) 6 hrs
Day 12: Trek to Soti Khola (700m) 6 hrs
Day 13: By road to Arhugat Bazaar then by road to Kathmandu 8hrs

Equipment List

Equipment List

Trekking is simply walking in the hills or the mountains – be it for a day or weeks or more. Certain basic trekking equipment are essential while you’re trekking to any parts of the trekking destinations. The items may differ from the area to area and on season to season. The following are the list of the equipment that we suggest you for your trekking in Nepal Himalaya.


  • Jackets (Fiber or down).
  • Woolen shirts and thick sweaters.
  • Waterproof jacket with hood or poncho.
  • Tracksuit.
  • Track shoes
  • Trousers
  • Thermal Underwear and Thermal coat
  • 2 pair of loose fitting long shorts/ skirts
  • Pair of Gloves
  • Pair of sandals
  • Thermal underwear.
  • Woolen hat
  • Long sleeved shirt.
  • Towel and Hankies.
  • Light weight walking boots
  • 2 pairs of thin socks and 2 pair of woolen socks

Equipment’s and Accessories

  • Snow glasses and sunglasses
  • Trekking Sticks.
  • Duffle bag or kit bag to carry to gear while trekking.
  • 2-4 plastics bags 2-4 large plastic bags to separate clean clothes from dirty ones. 6-10 smaller plastic bags to dispose garbage.
  • Daypack bag to carry your personal requirements.
  • Water Bottle, water purifying tablets
  • Toilet articles and towels, Toilet paper
  • Umbrella (optional)
  • Headlamp, Torch, Candles
  • Matches / Lighters
  • Binocular, Camera, trekking map and compass, pillow, knife,  passport photograph, reading materials, pencil, rubber, pen and notebook, lip guard
  • Toilet papers.

Details of Trekking Equipment’s

  • Camp shoes/sandals: A luxury for your feet at the end of the day. Sandals or running shoes will be better you can buy for cheap in Kathmandu, are a necessity for showers during the Khumbu and Annapurna treks.
  • Thermal shirts/underwear: Good thermals, both tops and bottoms are the best for cold weather in trekking
  • Nightwear thermals: Good for making warm nights in the sleeping bag, Silk-weight is lightest and warm,
  • Fleece/sweatpants: Good for the cold evening and morning.
  • Day-wear T-shirts/Shirts: On the lower altitude trekking weather will be hot, T-shirts and shirts are recommended
  • Trekking pants: Recommended to have 2 pairs
  • Wind pants: If your trekking pants are reasonably windproof then special wind pants are not needed. If you do bring a pair, it is not necessary to have Gore-tex. Similar, non-waterproof is quite OK.
  • Underwear: Regular everyday type.
  • Neck gaiter: For winter trekking they are really the best for staying warm
  • Trekking poles: Trekking poles are very useful especially for downhill, in popular trekking in Nepal you can buy the wooden trekking poles selling by children, trekking can be done without trekking poles also
  • Sunglasses: Good wraparound glasses suitable for snow, its bright up there, but specialized glacier glasses with side pieces are not needed. Contact lens wearers report very few problems except cleaning them in the conditions.
  • Mittens/gloves: A good pair of wind-proof gloves is essential. You can buy in Kathmandu cheap if you don’t have it.
  • Sun hat/woolen hat: Trekking in spring and summer of lower altitude is more hotter and whole day sun shining, you can bring the hat or small cap to protect from Sunburn, on the upper part of trek more cold and windy so you can have woolen hat to make your head warmer.
  • First aid kit :All our trekking our tour and trek leaders carry the first aid kit box including the medicine for altitude sickness and diaoheria and other small problems, you should bring any personal medicines that you need, some time your local medicine is more effective than we provide
  • Water purificationSome places on the tea house trek can buy the Mineral water but it is discourage for an
  • Water bottle: Two water bottles are recommend 1 liters bottles, bring the good one to take boiling water and be leak proof, European Aluminum bottles are best .
  • Torch / Flashlight: Flash light or head lamp is necessary
  • Towel: During the trekking there are no available Towel at guest houses so you need one small and light towel for trekking
  • Sunscreen and lip balm with sunscreen: The sun is strong at altitude, especially after snow. Bring at least sunscreen and lip balm WITH SPF 15, and better still SPF 30+. You can buy in Kathmandu
  • Moisturizer: The air is dry and windier with dust some part of the trek so moisturizer is good to car for skins.environmental point of view because of the plastic bottles, hot and boiled water can get from the guest house. Iodine tablets and water purification drop chlorine is recommended to take.
  • Toiletries: shampoo, soap, scissors, hair products, tooth brush and tooth paste, tissues, sun cream, chap stick, antiseptic hand wipes, face washer etc.
  • Daypack: This should be comfortable and a good waist band that transfers some of the weight to the hips is most important. It needs to be big enough to take a jacket, fleece, water, camera and odds and ends. Kathmandu now offers a range of cheap fall-part packs to top of the range.
  • Footwear: One pair of sturdy light to middle-weight hiking boots. Typically these are combination of nylon and leather. We suggest boots with a Gore-tax lining to be waterproof. These types of shoes have a lug sole for good traction and provide lateral support for the ankles that is essential while hiking (for example; the Vasquez Clarion and the A solo Approach). Heavy-weight all-leather backpacking boots are not recommended. Be sure your footwear is broken in and fits well. Boots should fit comfortably over one thin liner sock and a mid-weight wool sock. This reduces chafing and blisters. Tennis shoes or sandals are also useful for in camp use or bathing.
  • Socks: Four pairs of liner socks. Four pairs of mid-weight wool socks. Socks and footwear should be coordinated for a proper fit.
  • Back pack: For travel in Nepal and for trekking a back pack is more suitable than a suit case. If you plan on trekking, hiking a sturdy and comfortable back pack and day pack is essential. You should have your back pack expertly fitted to you before your departure. Your back pack should also have a water proof cover. Normally you need 2 one is 60 litters and another 25 is more suitable.
  • Sleeping bag: Down-filled Sleeping bags are better for Nepal tour and trekking. Beg, borrow or steal a good one (i.e. 4-5 season) because high altitude nights will be cool. Good down is fluffy, light and thick. A muff (an extra section around the neck) makes a big difference to the overall warmth of a bag. Reasonable sleeping bags are cheaply available for rent or buy in Kathmandu. We advise you to take -20 is batter.
  • Sleeping bag liner: Cotton, silk or fleece. Saves washing your sleeping bag and adds warmth.
  • Down jacket/Gore-Tex: This Jacket is needed for trekking up to 3200m also cold in the evening and morning, if you don’t have it and wanted to use for only Nepal trekking you can rented in Nepal.
  • Fleece jacket: Most trekkers consider this essential, but alternatives are a thick thermal top or a light down jacket. In Kathmandu you can get almost any sort of copy fleece you need
  • Rain Jacket/ Wind Shell: The jacket should be very water repellent and roomy.
  • Layering: Keeping the proper temperature is best accomplished by adding or taking off layers of clothing. While hiking during the day, you may be in shorts or skirt and a long-sleeved shirt. During the evening, as the temperature cools, you will add a sweater and, perhaps, a parka. Bringing the items outlined below will ensure that you are adequately prepared. Make sure that your clothing is sized to allow your layers and still move comfortably.

Before You Go

Before You Go

Cost Included

  • Airport  transfer to and from hotel in Kathmandu or Pokhara prior to commencement and after the end of the trek if requested.
  • Road transport, normally by bus, as per the trek itinerary.
  • Flight within Nepal as per the itinerary.
  • Three meals a day while trekking (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner) including one cup of hot beverage (tea or coffee) with the meal.
  • Accommodation on twin share basis in teahouses, lodges or homestays for the duration of the trek.
  • All trekking, climbing and restricted area entry permit fees required for the trek.
  • Government licenced English speaking guide.
  • Porters (one porter per two trekkers) carrying a maximum of 25kgs.
  • Salary, insurance, equipment, food and accommodation guides and porters.

Cost not Include

Trek Price Excludes

  • International flights to and from Nepal.
  • Domestic flights within Nepal except where indicated on the itinerary.
  • Excess baggage charges.
  • Nepal Entry Visa fees.
  • Travel and rescue or emergency evacuation insurance.
  • Any costs associated with rescue or emergency evacuation.
  • Breakfast, lunch and dinner prior to and after the trek.
  • Drinks both alcoholic and non-alcoholic.
  • Meals and snacks other than breakfast lunch and dinner while trekking.
  • Personal equipment or any expenses of a personal nature.
  • Single trekker supplement.
  • Peak climbing permit
  • Cost of additional porters for excess equipment above 12.5kg per person allowance.
  • Tips and gratuities.

Customer Review

1  Reviews on Tsum Valley

We did the Manaslu Circuit and Tsum Valley Trek which was organised through Lead Nepal Treks. Everything was very well organised and we were assigned a fantastic guide and wonderful porter. The trek was such a rich experience of culture, stunning scenery and wildlife. Our guide, Bal Krishna, watched over us every step of the way, always ready with a joke, to point out an item of interest or to explain aspects of the local culture we were experiencing. We would definitely recommend Lead Nepal Treks and hope to return and do another trek with our friends there soon

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